Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Media Room

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Food for thought: If you eat and when you eat can impact your mortality — Skipping meals, fasting and eating meals too closely together may be linked with increased cardiovascular or all-cause mortality, researchers report in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
podcast Listen now Lead author Lead author Yangbo Sun, MBBS, PhD, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, shares the results of a large prospective study of American adults 40 years old and older (NHANES). This research contributes much-needed evidence about the association between eating behaviors and mortality in the context of meal timing and duration of the daily prandial period.

Women facing food insecurity could be at high risk for addiction to highly processed food — Lack of access to affordable, nutrient-rich food is associated with an addictive pattern of eating that resembles substance abuse disorders, researchers report in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
podcast Listen now Lead author Lindsey Parnarouskis, MS, reviews a secondary analysis of data collected in two earlier studies: Maternal Adiposity, Metabolism and Stress (MAMAS) the Family Food Study (FFS). This new study found that women experiencing food insecurity and greater access to highly processed foods more frequently report symptoms of food addiction, such as compulsive eating of certain types of food, unsuccessful attempts to cut down and withdrawal symptoms.

Prior weight loss, history of bone stress injury, and eating behaviors associated with dietary supplement use in preadolescent endurance runners — Middle school-aged runners who skip meals, experience weight loss in the past year, or follow a vegetarian diet exhibit higher supplement use, researchers report in a new study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
podcast Watch now Lead author Michelle Barrack and principal investigator Adam S. Tenforde discuss the first investigation into the prevalence of dietary supplement and sport food use in male and female middle school-aged runners. Researchers found that almost half the study participants used these products on two or more days a week during the prior year. Characteristics associated with supplement use included a prior bone stress injury, following a vegetarian diet and behaviors suggesting dietary restrictions such as losing weight and skipping meals.

Discrimination and safety concerns are barriers to accessing healthy food for food-insecure young adults — New study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics indicates interventions of specific relevance to COVID-19, including expanded food assistance services, are needed to improve the accessibility of healthy food for young adults
podcast Listen now Study lead Nicole Larson, PhD, MPH, RDN, talks about a University of Minnesota School of Public Health study that found one-third of emerging adults (18-29 years of age) surveyed experienced food insecurity during the COVID-19 pandemic and a disproportionately high prevalence of food insecurity and food insufficiency among those living with children and who identified as Black, Indigenous, or a person of color. The findings show an urgent need for research to address how the processes of racism that are embedded in the policies and practices of society and institutions are directly contributing to food insecurity.

Research highlights the need to incorporate nutritional counseling in cancer treatment — The Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics focuses on the relationship between diet and cancer and the role nutrition may play in successful cancer outcomes
podcast Watch now JAND Editor-in-Chief Linda Snetselaar, PhD, RDN, LD, FAND, highlights articles from a special issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics on cancer and diet.

Kids gain weight when new convenience stores open nearby – When new small groceries with healthier inventories move in, kids’ weight status improves significantly, researchers report in an innovative study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
podcast Watch now An innovative new study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics provides data on how changes in the food environment around low-income and high-ethnic/racial minority populations impact childhood obesity over time. It shows that increased availability of small grocery stores selling a selection of healthy items in close proximity to children’s homes improves their weight status, whereas increased availability of convenience stores selling predominantly unhealthy foods is likely to be detrimental.

Sweet Success: Heavy consumption of sugary beverages declined in the US from 2003 to 2016 — The percentage of heavy sugar-sweetened beverage drinkers trended downwards in most demographic categories, but attention should be paid to several subgroups with high intake for whom trends are not decreasing, according to a new study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
podcast Listen now Lead author Kelsey A. Vercammen (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health) talks about a new Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics study that shows the percentage of heavy sugar-sweetened beverage drinkers trended downwards in most demographic categories, but attention should be paid to several subgroups with high intake for whom trends are not decreasing.

Americans are consuming less sugar but more nonnutritive sweeteners — New study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics shows US household purchases of foods and beverages containing caloric sweeteners declined between 2002 and 2018 but increased for products with both caloric sweetener and nonnutritive sweeteners
podcast Listen now Reducing sugar consumption is an important public health strategy. Shu Wen Ng, PhD, discusses a new study from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill that shows US household purchases of foods and beverages containing caloric sweeteners declined between 2002 and 2018 but increased for products with both caloric sweeteners and artificial sweeteners.

Unhealthy habits can start young: infants, toddlers, and added sugars — A new study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics breaks new ground by evaluating a nationally representative sample of infant and toddler diets and consumption of added sugars
podcast Listen now Lead investigator Kirsten A. Herrick, PhD, MSc, highlights findings from the first study to look at trends in added sugars consumption by toddlers and infants. Nearly two-thirds of infants (61 percent) and almost all toddlers (98 percent) consumed added sugars in their average daily diets, primarily in the form of flavored yogurts (infants) and fruit drinks (toddlers).

Experts focus on food insecurity and its far-reaching consequences, particularly in vulnerable populations — Proposed strategies to alleviate food insecurity and effectively manage food resources presented in a special issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
podcast Watch now JAND Editor-in-Chief Linda Snetselaar, PhD, RDN, LD, FAND, welcomes Cindy Leung, ScD, MPH, JAND Board of Editors member and Assistant Professor in the Department of Natural Sciences in the School of Public Health at the University of Michigan, to address the challenges of food insecurity.
podcast Watch now JAND Editor-in-Chief Linda Snetselaar, PhD, RDN, LD, FAND, highlights articles from a special issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics on food insecurity.

Individuals with obesity get more satisfaction from their food — New study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics shows that levels of satisfaction derived from food differ among adults who were normal-weight, overweight, and obese
podcast Listen now
Linnea A. Polgreen, PhD, and Aaron C. Miller, PhD, discuss a new study from the University of Iowa that shows levels of satisfaction derived from food differ among adults who were normal-weight, overweight, and obese and that individuals with obesity get more satisfaction from their food. This quantification of satisfaction from food may help explain why some people eat more than others.

Americans still eat too much processed meat and too little fish— A new analysis published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics indicates that US adults eat as much processed meat and as little fish as they did 18 years ago, despite public health guidelines to the contrary
A new study found that the amount of processed meat consumed by Americans has remained unchanged in the past 18 years, nor has their intake of fish/shellfish increased. One quarter of US adults are still eating more unprocessed red meat than the recommended level, less than 15 percent meet the guidelines for fish/shellfish consumption, but are eating less beef and more chicken.

Thirty years of fast food: Greater variety, but more salt, larger portions, and added calories — Changes in food variety, portion size, dietary energy, and selected micronutrients are potentially fueling the obesity epidemic, according to a new study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
podcast Watch now
An analysis of offerings at 10 of the most popular US fast-food restaurants in 1986, 1991, and 2016, demonstrates that fast-food entrees, sides, and desserts increased significantly in calories and sodium and entrees and desserts in portion size over time.

Widely available food in US workplaces: Perk or hazard? — Offering more healthful foods at work could be a promising opportunity to improve wellness, according to a new study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
podcast Listen now
What proportion of US adults obtain food at work, what foods do they obtain, and what is the dietary quality of these foods? Listen to results from a new study led by Stephen J. Onufrak, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Food system organizations must strengthen their operations to safeguard against potential threats — Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Researchers highlight factors that influence how effectively food suppliers and distributors can prepare for and respond to disasters
This study highlights characteristics of organizations involved in the food system that may lead them to be more prepared to respond to natural and human-generated disasters and opportunities for local, state, and federal organizations to improve resilience across the urban food system.

How healthy is the American diet? The Healthy Eating Index helps determine the answer — Leading nutrition experts present insights into the HEI-2015 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
podcast Watch now JAND Editor-in-Chief Linda Snetselaar, PhD, RDN, LD, FAND, and Susan Krebs-Smith, PhD, former chief of the Risk Factor Assessment Branch of the National Cancer Institute, discuss the development of the Health Eating Index (HEI), the most recent HEI update, and ways in which dietetics practitioners can use the HEI in research and practice.

Caffeine affects food intake at breakfast, but its effect is limited and transient — Findings of a new study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics do not support the use of caffeine as an appetite suppressant or weight-loss aid
podcast Watch now Although after drinking a small amount of caffeine, study participants consumed 10 percent less at breakfast, this effect did not persist throughout the day and had no impact on their perceptions of their appetites.

Valuing gluten-free foods relates to health behaviors in young adults— New study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics finds that individuals who value gluten-free foods are more likely to engage in healthier eating habits but are also more likely to have unhealthy weight control behaviors
podcast Watch now Researchers from the University of Minnesota explored the sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of young adults who value gluten-free as an important food attribute and investigated how this is associated with their dietary intake.

The connection between diet, obesity, and cancer: Nutrition experts explore the evidence — Dietary and lifestyle changes guided by registered dietitian nutritionists and other professionals can help reduce the incidence and progression of obesity-related cancers and support the recovery of cancer survivors
Food and nutrition practitioners and other health professionals take an in-depth look at the relationship between nutrition, obesity, and cancer prevention, treatment, and survival and identify research gaps for future prevention research efforts.

Malnutrition frequently underdiagnosed and undertreated among hospital patients — More than 40 years on, the skeleton is still rattling in the hospital closet. Healthcare professionals present the latest studies on adult and pediatric malnutrition in US hospitals in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
In the current issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics healthcare experts focus on the latest findings in hospitalized patients with malnutrition in the US and present data elucidating the extent of this serious healthcare issue.

When is the right time to start infants on solid foods? — New study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics indicates many parents start feeding their babies solid foods and other non-breast milk, non-formula foods before they should, according to current recommendations
The first study of a nationally-representative group of U.S. infants reports that more than half of babies are currently introduced to complementary foods, that is, foods or drinks other than breast milk or formula, sooner than they should be.

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