Main outcome measures
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Publication stageIn Press Accepted Manuscript
Author contributions: SV wrote the first draft of the manuscript contributions from WJT. All authors provided critical review of subsequent drafts and assisted with the interpretation of the data.
Funding: There is no funding to report for this manuscript.
Conflicts to report: The authors have no conflicts to report.
Research question: Among older adults, what is the association between gardening and cardiovascular disease, chronic disease outcomes (e.g., hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease), stroke, heart attack, mental and physical health status, dietary intake, and 10-year mortality risk?
Key findings: In this national sample of adults aged 65+, gardening was the second most commonly reported physical activity. Gardeners had a better CVD health status than non-exercisers, they were more likely to consume fruits and vegetables >5 times/day, and they had lower 10-year mortality risk. These findings suggest the need for further longitudinal or interventional studies to determine whether gardening could be an effective way to reduce CVD-related risk factors and improve the health of older adults.