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Drivers of Dietary Choice After a Diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer: A Qualitative Study

Published:August 21, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2022.08.128

      Abstract

      Background

      Dietary changes often accompany management of a cancer diagnosis, but how and why patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) make dietary decisions requires further investigation.

      Objective

      To learn about patients’ food-related beliefs and understand whether and why dietary changes were made by patients starting chemotherapy after a CRC diagnosis.

      Design

      A qualitative semi-structured interview study was conducted as a secondary analysis among a subset of patients with stages II-IV CRC enrolled at baseline in a randomized controlled trial.

      Participants/setting

      Twenty-nine patients participated in the interview. Data were collected at the University of Alberta (Edmonton, Alberta, Canada) from 2016–2019 before any trial intervention.

      Qualitative data analysis

      Audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim then coded inductively by two research team members. Qualitative content analysis was applied to capture emergent themes.

      Results

      Patients reported varied degrees of dietary change that stemmed from internal and external influences. Four main themes emerged to describe patients’ dietary decisions after a CRC diagnosis: 1) Medical Influences: eating to live; 2) Health Beliefs: connecting lived experiences with new realities; 3) Static Diets: no changes postdiagnosis; and 4) Navigating External Influences: confluence of personal agency and social constraints.

      Conclusion

      The extent to which patients altered their dietary choices depended on perspectives and beliefs. These included the degree to which dietary decisions provided some agency (ie, feeling of control) for dealing with physical ramifications of cancer treatment, individuals' personal understandings of healthy foods, and the role of diet in managing their new physical reality postdiagnosis. This information provides registered dietitian nutritionists and health care providers with insight into dietary intentions of select patients being treated for CRC. These findings can guide future research focused on effective strategies for streamlined nutritional support that aligns with patient needs.

      Keywords

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      Biography

      K. L. Ford is a PhD candidate, Department of Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Canada.

      Biography

      C. F. Trottier is a research coordinator, Department of Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Canada.

      Biography

      W. V. Wismer is an associate professor, Department of Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Canada.

      Biography

      M. B. Sawyer is a professor, Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

      Biography

      M. Siervo is a __, School of Life Sciences, The University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.

      Biography

      N. E. P. Deutz is a __, Center for Translational Research in Aging and Longevity, Department of Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, TX.

      Biography

      C. M. Prado is a professor, Department of Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Canada.

      Biography

      H. Vallianatos is a professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta, Canada.