Upon completion, participants will be able to describe the dietary supplements consumption by pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers and define the relationship between the supplements intake and the stress level.
The demand of multivitamin and stress level during COVID-19 pandemic are increase. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dietary supplement intake and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score of pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
The participants of this study were 47 pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers in Indiana. The Harvard Willett Food Frequency questionnaire was used to assess the consumption of supplements. An online survey by Qualtrics was used to obtain sociodemographic data and EPDS scores. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, cross-tabulations and a simple linear regression.
Participants had a mean age of 30.13 ±3.59 years and 42.6% were not working. Twenty different types of dietary supplements (vitamin, mineral, oil, hormone, and multivitamin) were consumed by participants. The mean, minimum, and maximum scores of EDPS were 5.89, 0.00, and 13.00, respectively. Multivitamin was supplement that consumed by majority of participants (78.7%), followed by vitamin D (38.3%) & vitamin C (29.8%). Simple linear regression analyses showed that it was not significant variance of EPDS score and dietary supplements intake, F(1, 45), = 3.45, p = .070, R = .27, R2 = .071, R2adjusted = .051. The regression coefficient (B = -2.19, 95% CI [-4.56, .18] indicated that consumption of dietary supplements, on average, decreased EPDS score of 2.19 point.
The consumption of dietary supplements was negatively related to the EPDS score of participants. However, it is necessary to conduct the studies with larger sample size.
Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP)
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