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Prevention of Pediatric Overweight and Obesity: Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Based on an Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews

      Abstract

      This Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Position Paper reports current evidence on pediatric overweight and obesity prevention interventions and discusses implications for registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs). An overview of current systematic reviews provided evidence-based results from a range of nutrition interventions according to developmental age group (ages 2 to 5, 6 to 12, and 13 to 17 years). Twenty-one current systematic reviews of nutrition interventions demonstrated a beneficial effect of nutrition and physical activity interventions on body mass index measures and no adverse events were identified. RDNs impart nutrition expertise in a wide range of settings to provide comprehensive care for children and adolescents as their nutrition and developmental needs change over time. This Position Paper outlines the current roles of, and proposed directions for, RDNs engaged in pediatric overweight and obesity prevention. Prevention of pediatric overweight and obesity requires comprehensive strategies ranging from policy-level to individual-level interventions in settings that will have the most beneficial impact for children according to their developmental stage. This Position Paper advocates for increased availability of nutrition and food access programs and interventions to reduce risk of pediatric obesity and associated adverse health outcomes both now and for future generations.
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      Biography

      D. M. Hoelscher is a regional dean and director, Michael & Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health at Austin, Austin, TX.

      Biography

      L. S. Brann is an associate professor, Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY.

      Biography

      S. O’Brien is a Sodexo clinical nutrition manager and a pediatric dietitian, Blythedale Children Hospital, Weston, CT.

      Biography

      D. Handu is a senior scientific director, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence Analysis Center, Chicago, IL

      Biography

      M. Rozga is a nutrition researcher, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Chicago, IL.

      Linked Article

      • Erratum
        Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and DieteticsVol. 122Issue 4
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          Erratum to: Prevention of Pediatric Overweight and Obesity: Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Based on Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews
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