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Consensus Report of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Incorporating Genetic Testing into Nutrition Care

      Abstract

      Personalization of nutrition advice is a process already familiar to registered dietitian nutritionists, but it is not yet clear whether incorporating genetic results as an added layer of precision improves nutrition-related outcomes. Therefore, an independent workgroup of experts, supported by the Academy’s Evidence Analysis Center staff, conducted a systematic review to examine the level of evidence measuring the effect of incorporating genetic testing results into nutrition counseling and care, compared to an alternative intervention or control group, on nutrition-related outcomes. This systematic review revealed that only weak quality evidence is available in the scientific literature and observed that this field is still maturing. Therefore, at present, there is insufficient scientific evidence to determine whether there are effects of incorporating genetic testing into nutrition practice. The workgroup prepared this Consensus Report based on this systematic review to provide considerations for the practical application of incorporating genetic testing into the nutrition care process.
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      Biography

      A. Braakhuis is academic director, Faculty of Medical and Health Science, Discipline of Nutrition, The University of Auckland, Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand.

      Biography

      C. R. Monnard is a specialist in infant nutrition, Société des Produits Nestlé SA, Nestlé Research, Lausanne, Switzerland; at the time of the study, she was a postdoctoral fellow, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.

      Biography

      A. Ellis is an associate professor, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.

      Biography

      M. Rozga is a nutrition researcher, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence Analysis Center, Chicago, IL.

      Linked Article

      • Response to the Consensus Report of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Incorporating Genetic Testing into Nutrition Care
        Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and DieteticsVol. 120Issue 12
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          It is our pleasure to engage with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics in this important discussion on the impact of incorporating genetic testing into nutrition care. We reviewed, with interest, the Academy’s Consensus Report and companion papers detailing the conducted scoping and systematic reviews on the impact of genetic testing on dietary change and health outcomes.1-4 This work is of great importance, and we applaud the authors for encouraging registered dietitians to become involved in the research process1 in an effort to optimize pragmatic research in precision nutrition.
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