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Identifying Malnutrition in Preterm and Neonatal Populations: Recommended Indicators

Published:April 11, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2017.10.006
      Preterm infants and neonates are more vulnerable to times of nutrition deficits than at any other time in the life cycle. The risk of malnutrition is related to reduced nutrient stores at birth, immature nutrient absorption and use, organ immaturity, delayed advancement of parenteral and enteral feeds due to cautious advancement, and dependence on health care providers to accurately identify and effectively provide needed nutrients during a period of rapid growth and development. Complications of prematurity such as necrotizing enterocolitis and chronic lung disease can contribute to the development of malnutrition.
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        • Bhutada A.
        • Rastogi S.
        From parenteral to enteral nutrition: A nutrition-based approach for evaluating postnatal growth failure in preterm infants.
        JPEN J Parenter Enter Nutr. 2014; 38: 489-497

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      • Malnutrition in Preterm and Neonatal Populations
        Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and DieteticsVol. 119Issue 1
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          It was with interest that I read the article titled “Identifying Malnutrition in Preterm and Neonatal Populations: Recommended Indicators.”1 In principle, this is a most important endeavor. In practice, it is very difficult to achieve, given current recommendations and the way infants are fed in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
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