Feasibility and Acceptability of Dietary Intake Assessment Via 24-Hour Recall and Food Frequency Questionnaire among Women with Low Socioeconomic Status

Published:November 06, 2017DOI:



      Comprehensive evaluation of dietary interventions depends on effective and efficient measurement to quantify behavior change. To date, little is known regarding which self-reported measure of dietary intake is most feasible and acceptable for use in evaluation of the effectiveness of diet intervention studies among underserved populations.


      This research focused on evaluating feasibility and acceptability of two self-report measures of diet.




      Two interviewer-administered 24-hour recalls and a 110-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) were administered to both English- and Spanish-speaking participants (n=36) by native English- and Spanish-speaking research assistants. On completion of both dietary assessments, participants were interviewed regarding their preference of measure.

      Main outcome measures

      Feasibility for completion of the dietary assessment measures was determined for contacts and retention. Acceptability of the measures was determined through responses to open- and closed-ended questions.


      During the 5-month trial, 36 participants were enrolled; 29 completed both intake measures, and 26 completed both measures and the interview. Participants were mainly Hispanic/Latina (72%), with a mean age of 37.0 (±7.6) years. Feasibility targets were met for contacts (1.9, 1.6, 1.8 contact attempts to complete each diet assessment measure with a target of ≤2) and for retention with 89% and 91% completing two 24-hour recalls and the FFQ, respectively. Participants indicated both diet assessment methods were generally acceptable; both positive and negative comments were received for use of the FFQ.


      Dietary assessment with the use of 24-hour recalls or an FFQ can be feasible and acceptable among women with low socioeconomic status, although care should be taken to address cultural appropriateness in the selection of the measurement method.


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      M. A. DeBiasse is a clinical assistant professor, Department of Health Sciences, Boston University, College of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences: Sargent College, Boston, MA.


      P. A. Quatromoni is an associate professor and chair, Department of Health Sciences, Boston University, College of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences: Sargent College, Boston, MA.


      D. J. Bowen is a professor, Department of Bioethics and Humanities, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle.


      E. Quinn is a research manager, Data Coordinating Center, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, MA.


      L. M. Quintiliani is an assistant professor, Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA.