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Nutrition Care Process and Model Update: Toward Realizing People-Centered Care and Outcomes Management

Published:October 05, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2017.07.015
      The Nutrition Care Process (NCP) is a systematic method that nutrition and dietetics practitioners use to provide nutrition care.
      • Lacey K.
      • Pritchett E.
      Nutrition Care Process and Model: ADA adopts road map to quality care and outcomes management.
      In this article, nutrition and dietetics practitioners or professionals; dietitians; dietitians-nutritionists; and dietetic technicians, registered, are collectively referred to as professionals. The Nutrition Care Process Model (NCPM) describes the NCP by presenting the workflow of professionals in diverse individual and population care delivery settings. Implementation of the NCPM has been associated with several advantages, including use of a common framework for nutrition care and research, promotion of critical thinking, more-focused nutrition care documentation, increased acknowledgement of the value of nutrition care by other health care professionals, and improved application of evidence-based guidelines.
      • Hakel-Smith N.
      • Lewis N.M.
      A standardized nutrition care process and language are essential components of a conceptual model to guide and document nutrition care and patient outcomes.
      • Memmer D.
      Implementation and practical application of the Nutrition Care Process in the dialysis unit.
      • Vivanti A.
      • Ferguson M.
      • Porter J.
      • O'Sullivan T.
      • Hulcombe J.
      Increased familiarity, knowledge and confidence with Nutrition Care Process Terminology following implementation across a statewide health-care system.
      • Thompson K.L.
      • Davidson P.
      • Swan W.I.
      • et al.
      Nutrition care process chains: The “missing link” between research and evidence-based practice.
      Potential target audiences for the NCPM include practitioners, educators and students, professional credentialing agencies, health system accrediting agencies, health care funding organizations, payers, and clients.
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      Biography

      W. I. Swan is chair, Nutrition Care Process Outcomes Committee of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Taos, NM.

      Biography

      A. Vivanti is chair, Nutrition Care Process Outcomes International Workgroup of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; a research and development dietitian, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia; and a senior lecturer, School of Human Movement and Nutrition Studies, University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia.

      Biography

      N. A. Hakel-Smith is a member of the Nutrition Care Process Outcomes Advisory Workgroup of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, and a manager, Clinical Nutrition Services, Bryan Medical Center, Lincoln, NE.

      Biography

      B. Hotson is a member of the Nutrition Care Process Outcomes Committee of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; a member of the Nutrition Care Process Outcomes International Workgroup of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; and a regional clinical manager-acute care, Nutrition & Food Services, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority, Winnepeg, Manitoba, Canada.

      Biography

      Y. Orrevall is a member of the Nutrition Care Process Outcomes International Workgroup of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; head of research and development, Education & Innovation, Function Area Clinical Nutrition, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; and is in the Department of Learning, Informatics, Management, and Ethics, Karolinska Instutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

      Biography

      N. Trostler is a member of the Nutrition Care Process Outcomes Committee of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; a member of the Nutrition Care Process Outcomes International Workgroup of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; and a retired professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Food, and Environmental Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

      Biography

      K. Beck Howarter is principal, Ms. Nutrient Food and Nutrition Consulting Services, Evanston, IL; at the time of the study, she was director, Nutrition Care Process, Research International Scientific Affairs, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Chicago, IL.

      Biography

      C. Papoutsakis is director, Nutrition Care Process, Research International Scientific Affairs, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Chicago, IL; at the time of the study, she was member of the Nutrition Care Process Outcomes International Workgroup of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Chicago, IL.