Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Nutrition Practice Guideline for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in Adults: Systematic Review of Evidence for Medical Nutrition Therapy Effectiveness and Recommendations for Integration into the Nutrition Care Process

      The Continuing Professional Education (CPE) quiz for this article is available for free to Academy members through the MyCDRGo app (available for iOS and Android devices) and https://goo.gl/TemgWR. Simply log in with your Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics or Commission on Dietetic Registration username and password, click “Journal Article Quiz” on the next page, then click the “Additional Journal CPE quizzes” button to view a list of available quizzes. Non-members may take CPE quizzes by sending a request to [email protected] There is a fee of $45 per quiz (includes quiz and copy of article) for non-member Journal CPE. CPE quizzes are valid for 1 year after the issue date in which the articles are published.
      The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes and prediabetes in the United States increases dramatically with each updated report. In 2011-2012, the estimated prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was 12% to 14% among US adults, with a higher prevalence among non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic Asian, and Hispanic individuals.
      • Menke A.
      • Casagrande S.
      • Geiss L.
      • Cowie C.C.
      Prevalence of and trends in diabetes among adults in the United States, 1988-2012.
      The prevalence of prediabetes was 37% to 38% in the overall population and, consequently, 49% to 52% of the US population was estimated to have either diabetes or prediabetes. It is encouraging to note that rates of diabetes-related complications have declined substantially in the past 2 decades (depending on the complication, ranging from −67.8% to −28.3%); however, a large burden of the disease persists because of the continued increase in the prevalence of diabetes.
      • Gregg E.W.
      • Li Y.
      • Wang J.
      • Burrows N.R.
      • Ali M.K.
      • Rolka D.
      • Willliams D.E.
      • Geiss L.
      Changes in diabetes-related complications in the United States, 1990-2010.
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      Biography

      M. J. Franz is a nutrition/health consultant, Nutrition Concepts by Franz, Inc, Minneapolis, MN.

      Biography

      J. MacLeod is director of clinical innovation, WellDoc, Columbia, MD.

      Biography

      A. Evert is coordinator, Diabetes Education Program, University of Washington Medical Center, Endocrine and Diabetes Care Center, Seattle, WA.

      Biography

      C. Brown is manager, content development, WellDoc, Inc, Columbia, MD.

      Biography

      E. Gradwell is an independent contractor and lead analyst, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Arvada, CO.

      Biography

      D. Handu is lead analyst/project manager, Evidence Analysis Library, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Chicago, IL.

      Biography

      A. Reppert is a clinical dietitian, Texas Health Resources, Fort Worth, TX.

      Biography

      M. Robinson is an advanced clinical dietitian and certified diabetes educator, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia Diabetes Center for Children, Philadelphia, PA.