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Hispanic Mothers’ Views of the Fathers’ Role in Promoting Healthy Behaviors at Home: Focus Group Findings

Published:February 24, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2017.01.005

      Abstract

      Background

      Overweight and obesity prevention interventions rarely take into account the unique role of fathers in promoting healthy home environments.

      Objective

      To use qualitative methodology to examine the views of Hispanic mothers of children aged 2 to 5 years regarding fathers’ roles in promoting healthy behaviors at home.

      Design

      Nine focus groups were conducted in Spanish with Hispanic mothers of preschool-aged children (N=55) from October to December 2015.

      Participants/settings

      Hispanic mothers were recruited from churches, community agencies, and preschools located in five Zip codes in the southwest part of Oklahoma City, OK.

      Analysis

      Questions examined the views of Hispanic mothers regarding fathers’ roles in promoting healthy behaviors at home. Focus groups were audiorecorded, transcribed in Spanish, translated into English, and coded and analyzed for themes by two coders using NVivo version 10 software.

      Results

      Four themes were identified: fathers’ disagreement with mothers about food preferences and preparation, fathers’ support for child’s healthy eating, fathers’ support for child’s physical activity, and fathers’ lack of support for a healthy home food environment. Fathers’ traditional expectations about the type of foods and portion sizes adults should eat conflicted with mothers’ meal preparations. Mothers reported that, although they favored eating low-calorie meals, the meals fathers preferred eating were high-calorie meals (eg, quesadillas). In general, fathers supported healthy eating and physical activity behaviors for their children. Supportive behaviors for children included preparing healthy meals, using healthier cooking methods, grocery shopping with their children for healthy foods, and asking the child to participate in household chores and/or play sports. Fathers’ unsupportive behaviors included bringing high-calorie foods, such as pizza, and sugary drinks into the home, using sweets and savory foods for emotion regulation, and displaying an indulgent parental feeding style.

      Conclusions

      Mothers' views of fathers' perceived roles in child eating and physical activity, and maintaining a healthy eating environment, have important implications for the success of promoting healthy behaviors in the homes of Hispanic families.

      Keywords

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      Biography

      K. R. Lora is a nutritionist, Center for Public Health and Health Policy, University of Connecticut Health, Farmington.

      Biography

      M. Cheney is a assistant professor, Department of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of Oklahoma, Norman.

      Biography

      P. Branscum is a assistant professor, Department of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of Oklahoma, Norman.