Nutrition Recommendations from the US Dietary Guidelines Critical to Teach Low-Income Adults: Expert Panel Opinion

Published:January 04, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2016.11.007
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      Nutrition education is critical for low-income adults as a means to address the poor diet quality and nutritional status of this population.
      • Leung C.W.
      • Ding E.L.
      • Catalano P.J.
      • Villamor E.
      • Rimm E.B.
      • Willett W.
      Dietary intake and dietary quality of low-income adults in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
      • Ben-Shalom Y.
      • Fox M.K.
      • Newby P.K.
      Characteristics and Dietary Patterns of Healthy and Less-Healthy Eaters in the Low-Income Population.
      Diet quality is inversely associated with development and progression of chronic diseases
      • Rathod A.D.
      • Bharadwaj A.S.
      • Badheka A.O.
      • Kizilbash M.
      • Afonso L.
      Healthy Eating Index and mortality in a nationally representative elderly cohort.
      • Belin R.J.
      • Greenland P.
      • Allison M.
      • et al.
      Diet quality and the risk of cardiovascular disease: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI).
      • Tandle D.L.
      • Magel R.
      • Strand B.N.
      Healthy Eating Index and abdominal obesity.
      and excess adiposity.
      • Bailey B.W.
      • Perkins A.
      • Tucker L.A.
      • LeCheminant J.D.
      • Tucker J.M.
      • Moncur B.
      Adherence to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the relationship to adiposity in young women.
      Low-income adults have elevated rates of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and obesity, and shorter life expectancies compared with higher-income adults.

      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2015. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus15_inbrief.pdf Accessed June 13, 2016.

      Low-income adults experience lower intakes of key foods and nutrients that contribute to health, such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy.
      • Andreyeva T.
      • Tripp A.S.
      • Schwartz M.B.
      Dietary quality of Americans by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation status: A systematic review.
      Many low-income families also exceed recommended intakes of sweets, sugar-sweetened beverages, snack foods, and processed meats.
      • Leung C.W.
      • Ding E.L.
      • Catalano P.J.
      • Villamor E.
      • Rimm E.B.
      • Willett W.
      Dietary intake and dietary quality of low-income adults in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
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