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Dietary Self-Monitoring in Weight Management: Current Evidence on Efficacy and Adherence

      Obesity is a public health burden associated with a number of adverse health conditions and high health care costs.
      • Thompson D.
      • Edelsberg J.
      • Colditz G.A.
      • Bird A.P.
      • Oster G.
      Lifetime health and economic consequences of obesity.
      • Wang Y.C.
      • McPherson K.
      • Marsh T.
      • Gortmaker S.L.
      • Brown M.
      Health and economic burden of the projected obesity trends in the USA and the UK.
      As an integral part of standard behavior-based therapy, self-monitoring has been used in many lifestyle intervention programs to address the obesity epidemic.
      • Wing R.R.
      Behavioral approaches to the treatment of obesity.
      In weight management, self-monitoring usually consists of tracking dietary intake, physical activity, body weight,
      • Burke L.E.
      • Wang J.
      • Sevick M.A.
      Self-monitoring in weight loss: A systematic review of the literature.
      • Burke L.E.
      • Warziski M.
      • Starrett T.
      • et al.
      Self-monitoring dietary intake: Current and future practices.
      and/or other health measurements.
      • Spahn J.M.
      • Reeves R.S.
      • Keim K.S.
      • et al.
      State of the evidence regarding behavior change theories and strategies in nutrition counseling to facilitate health and food behavior change.
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