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Nutritional Considerations for Patients with Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome

Published:April 28, 2015DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2015.03.021
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      Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is an enigma of urology, thought to affect at least 4 million Americans, with estimates of up to 12 million.
      • Berry S.H.
      • Elliott M.N.
      • Suttorp M.
      • et al.
      Prevalence of symptoms of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis among adult females in the United States.
      • Suskind A.M.
      • Berry S.H.
      • Ewing B.A.
      • Elliott M.N.
      • Suttorp M.J.
      • Clemens J.Q.
      The prevalence and overlap of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome in men: Results of the RAND Interstitial Cystitis Epidemiology male study.
      IC/BPS is of interest to registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs), as the associated urinary urgency, frequency, and pelvic pain can often be effectively managed by dietary adjustments.
      • Bosch P.C.
      Examination of the significant placebo effect in the treatment of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome.
      Research addressing the relationship of certain foods to exacerbating symptoms prompted the American Urological Association (AUA) to include dietary modifications as first-line therapy for this condition.
      • Hanno P.M.
      • Burks D.A.
      • Clemens J.Q.
      • et al.
      AUA guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome.

      American Urological Association (AUA). AUA guideline: Diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome. American Urological Association website. https://www.auanet.org/education/guidelines/ic-bladder-pain-syndrome.cfm. Published September 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014.

      In addition, other peer-reviewed articles advise health professionals to counsel patients with IC/BPS on nutrition interventions.
      • Barr S.
      Diagnosis and management of interstitial cystitis.
      • Fiander N.
      Painful bladder syndrome and interstitial cystitis: treatment options.
      • French L.M.
      • Bhambore N.
      Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome.
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