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The Association between Nutrition Facts Label Utilization and Comprehension among Latinos in Two East Los Angeles Neighborhoods

      Abstract

      Background

      The Nutrition Facts label can facilitate healthy dietary practices. There is a dearth of research on Latinos' utilization and comprehension of the Nutrition Facts label.

      Objective

      To measure use and comprehension of the Nutrition Facts label and to identify correlates among Latinos in East Los Angeles, CA.

      Design

      Cross-sectional interviewer-administered survey using computer-assisted personal interview software, conducted in either English or Spanish in the participant's home.

      Participants/setting

      Eligibility criteria were: living in a household within the block clusters identified, being age 18 years or older, speaking English or Spanish, identifying as Latino and as the household's main food purchaser and preparer. Analyses were based on 269 eligible respondents.

      Statistical analyses performed

      χ2 test and multivariate logistic regression analysis assessed the associations among the main outcomes and demographics. Multiple imputations addressed missing data.

      Results

      Sixty percent reported using the label; only 13% showed adequate comprehension of the label. Utilization was associated with being female, speaking Spanish, and being below the poverty line. Comprehension was associated with younger age, not being married, and higher education. Utilization was not associated with comprehension.

      Conclusions

      Latinos who are using the Nutrition Facts label are not correctly interpreting the available information. Targeted education is needed to improve use and comprehension of the Nutrition Facts label to directly improve diet, particularly among males, older Latinos, and those with less than a high school education.

      Keywords

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      Biography

      M. Z. Sharif is a trainee, University of California, Los Angeles/University of Southern California (UCLA/USC) Center for Population Health and Health Disparities, and a doctoral student, Fielding School of Public Health Department of Community Health Sciences, Los Angeles, CA.

      Biography

      S. Rizzo is a doctoral student, Fielding School of Public Health Department of Biostatistics, Los Angeles, CA.

      Biography

      M. L. Prelip is a principal investigator, UCLA/USC Center for Population Health and Health Disparities, and professor, Fielding School of Public Health Department of Community Health Sciences, Los Angeles, CA.

      Biography

      D. C. Glik is a principal investigator, UCLA/USC Center for Population Health and Health Disparities, and professor, Fielding School of Public Health Department of Community Health Sciences, Los Angeles, CA.

      Biography

      T. R. Belin is director of the methods core, UCLA/USC Center for Population Health and Health Disparities, and a professor, Fielding School of Public Health Department of Biostatistics, Los Angeles, CA.

      Biography

      B. A. Langellier is an assistant professor, University of Arizona Zuckermann College of Public Health, Tuscon.

      Biography

      A. A. Kuo is co-director of the training core, UCLA/USC Center for Population Health and Health Disparities, and a professor, Fielding School of Public Health Department of Health Policy and Management, Los Angeles, CA.

      Biography

      J. R. Garza is a doctoral student, Fielding School of Public Health Department of Health Policy and Management, Los Angeles, CA.

      Biography

      A. N. Ortega is director, UCLA/USC Center for Population Health and Health Disparities, and a professor, Fielding School of Public Health Department of Health Policy and Management, Los Angeles, CA.