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Nutrition Students Gain Skills from Motivational Interviewing Curriculum

      To promote lasting dietary behavior changes, many registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) are progressing from advice-giving roles to client-centered counseling methods.
      • Bonner G.
      • Madden A.M.
      • Baker A.
      • Jones J.M.
      The validation of a rating scale to assess dietitians' use of behaviour change skills.
      Motivational interviewing (MI) is one such counseling method used to increase intrinsic motivation and reduce ambivalence to change.
      • Miller W.R.
      • Rollnick S.
      Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People for Change.
      • Miller W.R.
      • Rose G.S.
      Toward a theory of motivational interviewing.
      MI is based on four key principles: 1) expressing empathy, 2) developing discrepancy, 3) rolling with resistance, and 4) supporting self-efficacy.
      • Miller W.R.
      • Rollnick S.
      Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People for Change.
      The MI spirit encompasses collaborating with clients, using clients' ideas to evoke change, and respecting clients' autonomy.
      • Miller W.R.
      • Rollnick S.
      Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People for Change.
      Open-ended questions, affirmations, reflections, and summaries (OARS) are used throughout MI sessions to build rapport, explore concerns, and convey empathy.
      • Miller W.R.
      • Rollnick S.
      Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People for Change.
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