Diet in 45- to 74-Year-Old Individuals with Diagnosed Diabetes: Comparison to Counterparts without Diabetes in a Nationally Representative Survey (Etude Nationale Nutrition Santé 2006-2007)

Published:October 30, 2013DOI:


      A healthy diet has been shown to prevent diabetes complications. However, the eating habits of individuals with diabetes who are aware of their glycemic condition have been poorly studied. This study's objective was to assess the dietary behavior overall and according to dietary recommendations in adults diagnosed with diabetes compared with those of a general population of the same age (45 to 74 years) in a nationally representative survey carried out in France in 2006-2007 (Etude Nationale Nutrition Santé) (n=1,476 including 101 patients with diabetes). Trained dietitians assessed diet using three 24-hour recalls and diabetes was self-declared. After weighting and using multiple adjustments, mean food and nutrient intakes were compared according to diabetes status. Interactions with age and sex were sought. Adults with diabetes had lower intakes of sweetened foods (40 g/day vs 125 g/day), alcohol (1.45 g/day vs 1.64 g/day), energy (1,790 kcal/day vs 1,986 kcal/day), and simple sugar (63.1 g/day vs 89.8 g/day) and higher intakes of meat (126 g/day vs 109 g/day), complex carbohydrates (26.3% energy intake vs 23.6% energy intake), and vitamins B and E (628 μg/day vs 541 μg/day). In addition, 45- to 59-year-old individuals with diabetes ate more fruits and vegetables, fiber, beta carotene, folate, vitamin C, and potassium than adults of the same age who did not have diabetes. Overall, 45- to 74-year-old adults with diabetes had a higher-quality diet than individuals without diabetes. However, compared with recommendations, a healthy diet continues to represent a public health challenge in terms of preventing diabetes complications.


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      K. Castetbon is an epidemiologist and head, Nutrition Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, French Institute for Health Surveillance and Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bobigny, France.


      V. Deschamps is an epidemiologist, Nutrition Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, French Institute for Health Surveillance and Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bobigny, France.


      M. Vernay is an epidemiologist, Nutrition Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, French Institute for Health Surveillance and Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bobigny, France.


      A. Malon is an epidemiologist, Nutrition Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, French Institute for Health Surveillance and Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bobigny, France.


      B. Salanave is an epidemiologist, Nutrition Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, French Institute for Health Surveillance and Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bobigny, France.


      C. Bonaldi is a statistician, Department of Chronic Diseases and Injury, French Institute for Health Surveillance, Saint Maurice, France.


      C. Druet is an epidemiologist and head of the Diabetes Surveillance Programme, Department of Chronic Diseases and Injury, French Institute for Health Surveillance, Saint Maurice, France.