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Registered Dietitians Making a Difference: Early Medical Record Documentation of Estimated Energy Requirement in Critically Ill Children Is Associated with Higher Daily Energy Intake and with Use of the Enteral Route

      Abstract

      Background

      Establishing a caloric requirement or energy target is a recommended part of any nutrition care plan.

      Objective

      Our objective was to describe early documentation of a caloric requirement in critically ill children, and to determine if this would have any effect on daily energy intake and route of nutrition.

      Design

      We used a descriptive chart review of a subgroup of patients included as part of a larger, retrospective multicenter study. Variables of interest included nutritional intake information, as well as presence/absence and amount of a documented caloric requirement within 48 hours of admission.

      Participants

      Five of the original 12 study centers collected the required supplementary data. Enrolled patients were those who were admitted to our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) from January 1, 2007, through December 31, 2008; were between ages 30 days and 18 years; and had a length of stay in the PICU ≥96 hours.

      Statistical analysis

      Energy intake among patients with and without a documented caloric requirement was analyzed using Mann-Whitney U tests. The difference of receiving enteral nutrition among patients with and without a caloric requirement was analyzed using a χ2 test.

      Results

      We studied 1,349 patients, of whom 644 (47.7%) had a caloric requirement documented (95.6% of caloric requirements were entered by a registered dietitian) in the medical record; these patients had higher total daily energy intake and were more likely to be fed enterally during the first 4 days of PICU admission than those without a documented caloric requirement (P<0.001 for all comparisons).

      Conclusions

      Less than half of critically ill children studied had a caloric requirement documented in the medical record; when a caloric requirement was documented in the medical record of a critically ill child, a registered dietitian had likely made the note. Having a caloric requirement documented in the medical record is associated with a higher energy intake and the use of the enteral route.

      Keywords

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      Biography

      M. Wakeham is an assistant professor of pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Unit, Medical College of Wisconsin Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

      Biography

      J. Manzi is an acute care pediatric nurse practitioner, Pediatric Critical Care Unit, Medical College of Wisconsin Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

      Biography

      M. Scanlon is an associate professor of pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Unit, Medical College of Wisconsin Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

      Biography

      T. A. Mikhailov is an associate professor of pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care Unit, Medical College of Wisconsin Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

      Biography

      M. Christensen is a clinical research coordinator, Pediatric Surgery Unit, Medical College of Wisconsin Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

      Biography

      E. M. Kuhn is a senior statistical analyst, National Outcomes Center, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

      Biography

      P. S. Goday is an associate professor of pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.