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Adherence to National Diet and Physical Activity Objectives among Active Duty Military Personnel: What Are the Implications?

      THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT issues evidence-based nutrition and physical activity guidance, such as the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) and Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, to promote health, reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and reduce the prevalence of overweight and obesity through improved nutrition and physical activity.
      Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010.
      2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.
      These guidelines and the associated implementation and communication strategies that are developed for health professionals, program and policy groups, and the public aim to promote the consumption of nutrient-dense foods and beverages and regular physical activity to achieve reduction of chronic disease risk and foster health promotion and disease prevention. The guidelines also provide the foundation for Healthy People national health promotion and disease prevention objectives related to nutrition and physical activity and measurable targets to be achieved over a decade. In this issue of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Smith and colleagues
      • Smith T.J.
      • Dotson L.E.
      • Young A.J.
      • et al.
      Eating patterns and leisure-time exercise among active duty military personnel: Comparison to the Healthy People objectives.
      compare the diet and leisure-time physical activity behaviors of active duty military personnel based on the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Health Related Behaviors Survey (HRBS)
      Tricare Management Activity Health Program Analysis and Evaluation Division homepage.
      to Healthy People 2010 objectives
      Healthy People 2010 Mid-Course Review.
      and 2005 DGA recommendations.
      Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005.

      Keywords

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      References

      1. Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010.
        7th ed. US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC2010
      2. 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.
        US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC2008 (DPHP Publication No. U0036)
      3. (Healthy People 2020 website) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
        • Smith T.J.
        • Dotson L.E.
        • Young A.J.
        • et al.
        Eating patterns and leisure-time exercise among active duty military personnel: Comparison to the Healthy People objectives.
        J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013; 113: 907-919
      4. Tricare Management Activity Health Program Analysis and Evaluation Division homepage.
        (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      5. Healthy People 2010 Mid-Course Review.
        US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC2007
      6. Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005.
        6th ed. US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC2005
      7. (National Health Interview Survey website) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      8. (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System website) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      9. (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey website) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      10. 2005 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors Among Active Duty Military Personnel.
        (December 2006) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      11. (Mission: Readiness website)
        Too fat to fight.
        (Accessed October 12, 2012)
        • Rothman K.J.
        BMI-related errors in the measurement of obesity.
        Int J Obesity. 2008; 32: S56-S59
        • Committee on Youth Population and Military Recruitment: Physical, Medical, and Mental Health Standards, National Research Council
        Assessing Fitness for Military Enlistment: Physical, Medical, and Mental Health Standards.
        National Academies Press, Washington, DC2006
        • Smiciklas-Wright H.
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        Dietary intake assessment: Methods for adults.
        in: Berdanier C.D. Dwyer J.T. Feldman E.B. Handbook of Nutrition and Food. 2nd ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL2008: 496-497
      12. (Healthy People 2010 final review website) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      13. Health and Sustainability Guidelines for Federal Concessions and Vending Operations.
        (March 2011. General Services Administration website) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      14. Reporting additional servicemember demographics could enhance congressional oversight.
        (September 2005. General Accounting Office website) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      15. (Tricare Military Health IT programs and products website) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      16. Task Force on the Future of Military Health Care interim report.
        (May 2007) (Accessed October 12, 2012)
      17. Military Health System Senior Oversight Committee report in response to the recommendations of the Task Force on the Future of Military Health Care.
        (January 2009) (Accessed October 12, 2012)

      Biography

      M. A. McDowell is a nutritionist, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health Division of Nutrition Research Coordination, Bethesda, MD.

      Biography

      V. S. Hubbard is director, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health Division of Nutrition Research Coordination, Bethesda, MD.