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Nutritional Implications of Bariatric Surgery and the Role of Registered Dietitians

Published:February 20, 2013DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2012.11.017
      AS THE NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS WITH obesity continues to increase, so has the prevalence of bariatric surgery in the United States and worldwide. Bariatric surgery is currently the only known method that offers both considerable and long-term weight loss.
      • Smith B.R.
      • Schauer P.
      • Nguyen N.T.
      Surgical approaches to the treatment of obesity: Bariatric surgery.
      Depending on the surgical procedure, patients can expect to lose between 29% and 87% of excess body weight 1 to 2 years postsurgery.
      • Mechanick J.I.
      • Kushner R.F.
      • Sugerman H.J.
      • et al.
      American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, The Obesity Society, and American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery medical guidelines for clinical practice.
      Despite the substantial weight loss and improvements in comorbid conditions observed after bariatric surgery, these procedures are not without nutritional risk, which underscores the importance of registered dietitians (RDs) to the bariatric surgical care team.

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      Biography

      L. Beckman is a nutrition consultant in Denver, CO.

      Biography

      C. Earthman is an associate professor, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul.

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