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Environmental and Individual Factors Affecting Menu Labeling Utilization: A Qualitative Research Study

Published:February 09, 2013DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2012.11.011

      Abstract

      Obesity is a prominent public health concern that disproportionally affects low-income and minority populations. Recent policies mandating the posting of calories on menus in fast-food chain restaurants have not proven to uniformly influence food choice. This qualitative research study used focus groups to study individual and environmental factors affecting the use of these menu labels among low-income minority populations. Ten focus groups targeting low-income residents (n=105) were held at various community organizations throughout New York City over a 9-month period in 2011. The focus groups were conducted in Spanish, English, or a combination of both languages. In late 2011 and early 2012, transcripts were coded through the process of thematic analysis using Atlas.ti for naturally emerging themes, influences, and determinants of food choice. Few participants used menu labels, despite awareness. The most frequently cited as barriers to menu label use included: price and time constraints, confusion and lack of understanding about caloric values, as well as the priority of preference, hunger, and habitual ordering habits. Based on the individual and external influences on food choice that often take priority over calorie consideration, a modified approach may be necessary to make menu labels more effective and user-friendly.

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      Biography

      J. Schindler is a public health specialist, BLH Technologies, Inc, Rockville, MD.

      Biography

      K. Kiszko is a senior research coordinator, Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York.

      Biography

      C. Abrams is a program manager, Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York.

      Biography

      N. Islam is an assistant professor, Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, and director, New York University Prevention Research Center, New York.

      Biography

      B. Elbel is an assistant professor, Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, and New York University Wagner School of Public Service, New York.