This study (
1) suggests that if a patient is classified as having metabolic syndrome or insulin resistance, corresponding associations with dietary macronutrient intake may be the same. Insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome may not be influenced by either total fat or carbohydrate, but instead may be related to specific fats or sources of carbohydrate. Careful dietary intake assessment should be performed in patients thought to have metabolic syndrome or insulin resistance. Although based on a cross-sectional analysis, the results suggest that men and women may need to be treated differently. These results are based on data from American Indian patients, who tend to resemble other ethic groups with high rates of obesity and diabetes. However, these results may not apply to some ethnic groups.
- Eilat-Adar S.
- Xu J.
- Goldbourt U.
- Zephier E.
- Howard B.V.
- Resnick H.E.
Sex may modify the effects of macronutrient intake on metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in American Indians: The Strong Heart Study.
J Am Diet Assoc. 2008; 108: 794-802
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- Sex may modify the effects of macronutrient intake on metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in American Indians: The Strong Heart Study.J Am Diet Assoc. 2008; 108: 794-802
This article was written by Sigal Eilat-Adar, PhD, RD, a postdoctoral fellow at MedStar Research Institute, Hyattsville, MD.
© 2008 American Dietetic Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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- Sex May Modify the Effects of Macronutrient Intake on Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance in American Indians: The Strong Heart StudyJournal of the American Dietetic AssociationVol. 108Issue 5