Advertisement

NOTICE: We are experiencing technical issues with Academy members trying to log into the JAND site using Academy member login credentials. We are working to resolve the issue as soon as possible. Alternatively, if you are an Academy member, you can access the JAND site by registering for an Elsevier account and claiming access using the links at the top of the JAND site. Email us at [email protected] for assistance. Thanks for your patience!

US Honeys Varying in Glucose and Fructose Content Elicit Similar Glycemic Indexes

      Abstract

      The glycemic index of honey may vary, depending upon its floral variety and fructose-to-glucose ratio. We determined the glycemic index of four US honey varieties in 12 healthy adult men and women with a mean (±standard error) age of 24.5±1.5 years. The glycemic index of 250-mL solution servings of clover, buckwheat, cotton, and tupelo honeys providing 50 g carbohydrate were assessed relative to triplicate feedings of 50 g carbohydrate as a glucose solution. Fructose-to-glucose ratios were 1.09, 1.12, 1.03, 1.54, for clover, buckwheat, cotton, and tupelo, respectively. Blood was collected after an overnight fast and 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after intake. Ten minutes were allowed for food consumption. Areas under the glycemic response curves for each honey were expressed as percent means of each participant’s average response to glucose feedings. The means (±standard error) of the glycemic index were 69.2±8.1, 73.4±6.4, 73.6±6.6, 74.1±8.2 for clover, buckwheat, cotton, and tupelo honeys, respectively. No statistically significant differences between the honeys were apparent, nor was a relationship between glycemic index and the fructose-to-glucose ratio detected, indicating that small differences in fructose-to-glucose ratios do not substantially impact honey glycemic index.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Jenkins D.J.A.
        • Wolever T.M.S.
        • Taylor R.H.
        • Barker H.
        • Fielden H.
        • Baldwin J.M.
        • Bowling A.C.
        • Newman H.C.
        • Jenkins A.L.
        • Goff D.V.
        Glycemic index of foods.
        Am J Clin Nutr. 1981; 34: 362-366
        • Wolever T.M.S.
        • Jenkins D.J.A.
        • Jenkins A.L.
        • Josse R.G.
        The glycemic index.
        Am J Clin Nutr. 1991; 54: 846-854
        • Foster-Powell K.
        • Holt S.H.
        • Brand-Miller J.C.
        International table of glycemic index and glycemic load values.
        Am J Clin Nutr. 2002; 76: 5-56
        • Wolever T.M.S.
        • Katzman-Relle L.
        • Jenkins A.L.
        • Vuksan V.
        • Josse R.G.
        • Jenkins D.G.A.
        Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
        Nutr Res. 1994; 14: 651-669
        • Panlasigui L.N.
        • Thompson L.U.
        • Juliano B.O.
        • Perez C.M.
        • Yiu S.H.
        • Greenberg G.R.
        Rice varieties with similar amylose content differ in starch digestibility and glycemic response in humans.
        Am J Clin Nutr. 1991; 54: 871-877
        • Wolever T.M.S.
        • Jenkins D.J.A.
        The use of the glycemic index in predicting the blood glucose response to mixed meals.
        Am J Clin Nutr. 1986; 43: 167-172
        • Ionescu-Turgoviste C.
        • Popa E.
        • Mihalache N.
        • Cheta D.
        • Mincu I.
        Blood glucose and plasma insulin responses to various carbohydrates in type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes.
        Diabetologia. 1983; 24: 80-84
        • Lee B.M.
        • Wolever T.M.S.
        Effect of glucose, sucrose and fructose on plasma glucose and insulin responses in normal humans.
        Eur J Clin Nutr. 1998; 52: 924-928
        • Shi X.
        • Schedl H.P.
        • Summers R.M.
        • Lambert G.P.
        • Chang R.T.
        • Xia T.
        • Gisolfi C.V.
        Fructose transport mechanisms in humans.
        Gastroenterology. 1997; 113: 1171-1179
        • Gheldof N.
        • Wang X.-H.
        • Engeseth N.
        Buckwheat honey increases serum antioxidant capacity in humans.
        J Agric Food Chem. 2003; 51: 1500-1505
        • Gheldof N.
        • Engeseth N.
        Antioxidant capacity of honeys from various floral sources based on the determination of oxygen radical absorbance capacity and inhibition of in vitro lipoprotein oxidation in human serum samples.
        J Agric Food Chem. 2002; 50: 3050-3055
        • Ustunol C.
        • Gandhi H.
        Growth and viability of commercial bifidobacterium in honey-sweetened skim milk.
        J Food Prot. 2001; 64: 1775-1779

      Biography

      J. I. Ischayek is a research associate and M. Kern is an associate professor, Department of Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA.