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Adolescents Involved in Weight-Related and Power Team Sports Have Better Eating Patterns and Nutrient Intakes than Non−Sport-Involved Adolescents

      Abstract

      Objective

      To examine eating habits and energy and nutrient intake among adolescents participating in weight-related and power team sports and non−sport-involved adolescents.

      Design

      Data were drawn from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens), which was conducted with 4,746 adolescents from 31 middle and high schools in the Minneapolis/St Paul metropolitan area.

      Setting

      Urban secondary schools.

      Subjects

      Adolescents reporting participation in a weight-related sport, a power team sport, or no consistent participation in a sport.

      Main outcome measures

      Meal and snack frequency, mean energy and nutrient intake, and mean physical activity.

      Statistical analyses performed

      Analyses were conducted by sex across the three groups. General linear models were used to compare mean energy and nutrient intake, composite nutrient adequacy, and mean physical activity across the three groups. Percentages of youth meeting nutrient recommendations were compared across the three groups using χ2 tests.

      Results

      For both males and females, youth involved in weight-related sports ate breakfast more frequently than non−sport-involved peers (females: 3.6 and 3.2 times per week, respectively, P<0.01; males: 4.7 and 3.7 times per week, respectively, P<0.01). Weight-related and power team sport-involved youth also had higher mean protein, calcium, iron, and zinc intakes than non−sport-involved peers. However, adolescent females had low calcium intake, regardless of sports involvement (weight-related sports 1,091 mg/day, power team sports 1,070 mg/day, and non−sport-involved 1,028 mg/day, P<0.05).

      Conclusions

      Sport-involved adolescents have better eating habits and nutrient intake than their non−sport-involved peers. However, they are still in need of nutrition interventions, particularly around calcium intake.
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      Biography

      J. K. Croll is adjunct assistant professor, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul; at the time of the study, she was a graduate student in nutrition, Division of Epidemiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

      Biography

      D. Neumark-Sztainer and L. Harnack are associate professors, and M. Story and C. Perry are professors, Division of Biostatistics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

      Biography

      M. Wall is assistant professor, Division of Biostatistics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.