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Children and the Ketogenic Diet

      The ketogenic diet is an accepted and effective method for treatment of refractory epilepsy in children. The diet consists of foods or formulas that are high in fat and low in carbohydrate, with controlled amounts of protein, and is designed to induce a continuous state of ketosis. The presence of ketones in the body is one of the proposed mechanisms that may prohibit seizures, although this remains unproven. Children following the ketogenic diet are expected to have high levels of ketones in the body to successfully reduce seizures (
      • Freeman J.M.
      • Freeman J.
      • Kelly M.
      ).
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      References

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        • Freeman J.
        • Kelly M.
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