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A new food guide for North American vegetarians

  • Virginia Messina
    Affiliations
    V. Messina is a nutrition consultant with Nutrition Matters, Inc., Port-Townsend, WA. V. Melina is a nutrition consultant with Nutrispeak.com, Langley, BC, Canada. A. R. Mangels is a nutrition advisor to The Vegetarian Resource Group, Baltimore, MD
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  • Vesanto Melina
    Affiliations
    V. Messina is a nutrition consultant with Nutrition Matters, Inc., Port-Townsend, WA. V. Melina is a nutrition consultant with Nutrispeak.com, Langley, BC, Canada. A. R. Mangels is a nutrition advisor to The Vegetarian Resource Group, Baltimore, MD
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  • Ann Reed Mangels
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to: Virginia Messina, MPH, RD, 439 Calhoun St, Port Townsend, WA 98368
    Affiliations
    V. Messina is a nutrition consultant with Nutrition Matters, Inc., Port-Townsend, WA. V. Melina is a nutrition consultant with Nutrispeak.com, Langley, BC, Canada. A. R. Mangels is a nutrition advisor to The Vegetarian Resource Group, Baltimore, MD
    Search for articles by this author
      The first North American food guide was published by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) in 1916. It was not until the 1940s, however, when wartime shortages, indications of malnutrition among citizens, and the release of the first recommended dietary allowances focused greater attention on nutrient requirements, that food guides became a familiar meal-planning tool in the United States (
      • Hertzler AA
      • Anderson HL
      Food guides in the United States.
      ). The Canadian government released its first food guide at this time, in 1942 (
      Health Canada, Office of Nutrition Policy and Promotion. Canada`s Food Guides From 1942 to 1992.
      ). Until 1992, when the USDA's Food Guide Pyramid (
      ) and Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating (CFGHE) (
      Health Canada, Office of Nutrition Policy and Promotion. Canada`s Food Guides From 1942 to 1992.
      ) with its rainbow design were introduced, the emphasis of food guides was largely placed on meeting nutrient needs.
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