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Dietary Reference Intakes

Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc
  • PAULA TRUMBO
    Affiliations
    A.A. Yates (corresponding author) is the director of and P. Trumbo, S. A. Schlicker, and M. Poos are senior staff officers with the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies 2101 Constitution Ave., NW Washington, DC 20418, USA
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  • ALLISON A YATES
    Affiliations
    A.A. Yates (corresponding author) is the director of and P. Trumbo, S. A. Schlicker, and M. Poos are senior staff officers with the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies 2101 Constitution Ave., NW Washington, DC 20418, USA
    Search for articles by this author
  • SANDRA SCHLICKER
    Affiliations
    A.A. Yates (corresponding author) is the director of and P. Trumbo, S. A. Schlicker, and M. Poos are senior staff officers with the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies 2101 Constitution Ave., NW Washington, DC 20418, USA
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  • MARY POOS
    Affiliations
    A.A. Yates (corresponding author) is the director of and P. Trumbo, S. A. Schlicker, and M. Poos are senior staff officers with the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies 2101 Constitution Ave., NW Washington, DC 20418, USA
    Search for articles by this author
      The Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, The National Academies, recently released the fourth in a series of reports presenting dietary reference values for the intake of nutrients by Americans and Canadians (
      Institute of Medicine.
      ). The overall project is a comprehensive effort undertaken by the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI Committee) of the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, with the active involvement of Canadian scientists
      Full texts of reports are available at www.nap.edu.
      1Full texts of reports are available at www.nap.edu.
      .
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      References

        • Institute of Medicine.
        Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium and Zinc. Food and Nutrition Board. National Academy Press, Washington, DC2001
      1. Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Food and Nutrition Board. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997.

        • Institute of Medicine.
        Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. Food and Nutrition Board. National Academy Press, Washington, DC1998
        • Institute of Medicine.
        Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Food and Nutrition Board. National Academy Press, Washington, DC2000
        • Yates, AA, Schlicker, SA, Suitor C.W
        Dietary reference intakes.
        J Am Diet Assoc. 1998; 98: 699-706
        • Monsen E.R
        Dietary reference intakes for antioxidant nutrients.
        J Am Diet Assoc. 2000; 100: 637-640
        • National Research Council, Subcommittee on the 10th Edition of the RDAs, Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences.
        Recommended Dietary Allowances. 10th ed. National Academy Press, Washington, DC1989
        • Institute of Medicine.
        Dietary Reference Intakes. National Academy Press, Washington, DC2000
      2. The Panel on Micronutrients was chaired by Robert Russell (USDA Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University); other members were John L. Beard (Pennsylvania State University), Robert J. Cousins (University of Florida, Gainesville), John T. Dunn (University of Virginia), Guylaine Ferland (University of Montreal), K. Michael Hambidge (University of Colorado Health Sciences Center), Sean Lynch (retired from the Veteran’s Administration Medical Center, Hampton), James G. Penland (USDA Human Nutrition Research Center, Grand Forks), A. Catharine Ross (Pennsylvania State University), Barbara J. Stoecker (Oklahoma State University); John W. Suttie (University of Wisconsin, Madison), Judith R. Turnlund (USDA Western Human Nutrition Research Center and the University of California, Davis) ;Keith P. West (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health), and Stanley H. Zlotkin (The Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto). The Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels is chaired by Ian Munro (CanTox, Inc.) and includes George C. Becking (Phoenix OHC), Renate K. Kimbrough (Institute for Evaluating Health Risks), Rita B. Messing (Minnesota Department of Public Health), Sanford A. Miller (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio), Harris Pastides (University of South Carolina), Joseph V. Rodricks (The Life Sciences Consultancy), Irwin H. Rosenberg (USDA Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University), Steve L. Taylor (University of Nebraska), John A. Thomas (Retired from the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio), and Gary M. Williams (New York Medical College). The Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes was chaired by Suzanne Murphy (University of Hawaii); other members include Lenore Arab (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill), Susan I. Barr (University of British Columbia), Susan T. Borra (International Food Information Council), Alicia Carriquiry (Iowa State University), Barbara L. Devaney (Mathematica Policy Research), Johanna T. Dwyer (Frances Stern Nutrition Center), Jean-Pierre Habicht (Cornell University), and Harriet V. Kuhnlein (McGill University).
        This report was conducted under the oversight of the Food and Nutrition Board Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes which is chaired by Vernon R. Young (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and co-chaired by John W. Erdman, Jr (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign). Members include Lindsay H. Alien (University of California, Davis), Stephanie A. Atkinson (McMaster University), Robert J. Cousins (University of Florida), Johanna T. Dwyer (Frances Stern Nutrition Center), John D. Fernstrom (University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine), Scott M. Grundy (University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas), Sanford A. Miller (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio), and William M. Rand (Tufts University).
        The study was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Health Canada; the Institute of Medicine; the Dietary Reference Intakes Private Foundation Fund, including the Dannon Institute and the International Life Sciences Institute; and the Dietary Reference Intakes Corporate Donors’ Fund, which includes contributions from: Daiichi Fine Chemicals Inc., Kemin Foods, L.C., M&M/Mars, Mead Johnson Nutritionals, Nabisco Foods Group, the Natural Source Vitamin E Association, Roche Vitamins Inc.; US Borax, and Weider Nutrition Group.
        The authors wish to acknowledge the following Food and Nutrition Board staff who have worked diligently on this DRI project: Kimberly Freitag, Michele Ramsey, Elisabeth Reese, Gail Spears, and Alice Vorosmarti.